Cass Sunstein


Originally from the United States, Cass Robert Sunstein is a lawyer, economist, and constitutional scholar. He is also a best-selling author and a leading voice in the field of behavioral economics.

Democracy and the Problem of Free Speech

Among liberal democracies, the United States is a notable outlier in terms of hate speech. The United States also has a reputation for censoring journalists in the name of national security.

Free speech is important to democracy. It helps people to think critically about different issues. It also promotes consensual policy decisions. However, it is important to realize that freedom of speech does not mean that it should never be regulated.

There are various reasons why certain forms of speech should be regulated. These reasons are based on the harm principle. The harm principle is a way to limit the infringement of rights. The harm principle is used to prevent direct infringement of rights, but it can be applied to other harmful rights violations as well.

The offense principle is another approach to regulating free speech. It recommends that the government take a very limited role in limiting speech. It can be applied to offensive speech, but it can also be extended to other harmful rights violations.

Noise: A Flaw in Human Judgment

‘Noise’ is a term that refers to random deviations from targeted behavior. It may be due to differences in taste, skill, or emotional reaction. It can also be a result of group dynamics. In other words, it is an aspect of human judgment that is often invisible.

Regardless of the nature of the phenomenon, the authors propose that it is an important problem. They claim that noise contributes to errors in all fields. They use the latest findings in psychology to explain how and why people make bad judgments.

The authors argue that there are three different types of noise. They are occasion noise, level noise, and stable pattern noise. The first two are caused by different judges’ moods, while the latter is a result of group dynamics.

Nudge: Improving Decisions about Health, Wealth, and Happiness

Described by its authors as “small manipulations of daily choices that can change people’s behavior for the better”, “nudges” have been adopted by some governments as a way to encourage smarter insurance and health care decisions.

The book covers a wide range of topics, spanning human psychology and economics. The authors discuss the best ways to improve decisions about money, health, and happiness. For example, the authors recommend automatic enrollment in a 401K plan as a means of increasing savings for retirement. They also provide an interesting study of the Swedish system.

One of the authors, Nobel prize-winning behavioral economist Richard H. Thaler, was recently at the University of Chicago to give a lecture on the book. The audience was more than 400. They attended in person, and an additional 1,800 participated through a Zoom webinar.

Lecture on nudges

Despite their success, some policymakers are wary of nudges. They question whether they are actually legit. Some even believe that they interfere with autonomy. And they fear that they are a form of manipulation. But it turns out that most citizens have high overall support for nudges. And they disapprove of nudges that violate rights.

Behavioral science can be used to help people make better decisions. And it can be an effective way to address many public policy problems. Several “nudge units” are being established in both the private and public sectors around the world.

Cass Sunstein is an economist and Harvard University professor. He has published over 40 books. His latest is Nudge, which is co-authored with Richard Thaler. They updated their thinking in Nudge: The Final Edition. He has appeared on TEDx and The 80,000 Hours podcast.


During his time in law school, Cass Sunstein was a member of the winning team of the Ames Moot Court competition. He also won a spot on the varsity squash team and was editor of Harvard Lampoon. He has written extensively on gedragsekonomie wetgewing.

In his book, Noise: A Flaw in Human Judgment, Sunstein argues that where there is judgment there is noise. He believes that if we could get people to focus on other people’s plights, the dieremishandeling would be lessened. He suggests that we can improve our decision-making processes through a process called decision hygiene.

The concept is based on the idea that a group of twelve average judgments is better than one from a group of six. This is a good way to reduce the noise in the system.

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